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:: Volume 9, Issue 30 (6-2022) ::
qjal 2022, 9(30): 77-98 Back to browse issues page
Analysis of the Role of Non-Judicial Members in Quasi-Judicial Authorities
Mohammad Sadeghi *, Samira Gholami
Abstract:   (145 Views)
Reduction of generality and absoluteness competence assignment to the courts of general Jurisdiction, based on the authorization (approval) of the legislature in different laws, led to the establishment of the combined judicial authorities (in the form of council and dispute settlements boards). Regardless of the titles and other prevalent forms, these authorities, sometimes despite the membership of non-judicial members, are eligible to have the judicial member (Judge). In this respect, just those authorities are subject to this text which include a judicial member (introduced by the Judiciary), and two or more non-judicial members as the specialists in the profession of a special guild who referred to as the quasi-judicial members. Therefore, we do not investigate the authorities in charge without judicial member, mutually agreed arbitration board, authorities subject to arbitration agreement or similar titles. Accordingly, in this article, our purpose is to present a clear illustration of the legal Role of non-judicial members in quasi-judicial authorities in accordance with a conceptual investigation to assess the ratio of this position with the related goals and effects to the intended specifications. In order to analyze this Role and level, along with a brief introduction to the concepts and examples of the combined judicial authorities in the trial structure of our country, we will pay attention to the principles which considered for these characters. The result which will finally be specified is that the non-judicial members of the concerned authorities should not be limited to the identities such as the counselor (adviser), expert, arbitrator and other similar positions due to the relevant reasons and requirements of these authorities, each of these members is considered as the equal member (and main element) as the judicial member with this difference that they will have different applications and specifications in comparison with a judge in terms of some aspects and considerations which accordingly manifested in the Procedures Laws of these authorities.
Keywords: Department of Justice, Judge, Non-Judicial member, Dispute Settlement Boards, Quasi Judicial Authorities, The Judiciary, Guild and professional Lawsuits (action).
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
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sadeghi M, gholami S. Analysis of the Role of Non-Judicial Members in Quasi-Judicial Authorities. qjal. 2022; 9 (30) :77-98
URL: http://qjal.smtc.ac.ir/article-1-985-en.html

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Volume 9, Issue 30 (6-2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی حقوق اداری Administrative Law
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