[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Registration::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
..
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
..
:: Volume 10, Issue 35 (10-2023) ::
qjal 2023, 10(35): 235-262 Back to browse issues page
An Analysis of Challenges of Oil and Gas Upstream Contracts in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Esmaeil Yaghubi , Mohammad Fakhr *
Abstract:   (368 Views)
Oil and gas industry plays a key role in Iranian economy because of significant oil and gas resources in Iran. Despite over a century of experience of Petroleum contracts, our country has not yet been able to resolve its weaknesses, due to various issues such as political, economic, social, administrative, legal, historical, and cultural considerations. Iran, like other developing countries, suffering from lack of sufficient capital and technical knowledge as well as a desirable management capability for implementing upstream large oil projects such as exploration, drilling, development and production. So the presence of international experienced companies in this industry seem to be inevitable and it seems that this requires concluding cooperation agreements with these International Oil Companies (IOCs).
Accordingly, after outlining the basic research concepts, the legal requirements and constraints governing upstream oil and gas contracts, in order to assess the challenges have been studied.
Subsequently, 26 of the most important challenges out of the 40 identified challenges from the literature were selected using the Fuzzy Delphi method. Finally, there are suggestions and solutions to reduce these challenges including the developing a comprehensive plan for development of the oil and gas fields, using international companies in the form of consulting and services contracts, aligning the interests of the employer and the contractor in the implementation of projects, paying close attention to the development of technology in the industry, strengthening regional organizations and treaties to strengthen energy diplomacy, maximizing production from sharing fields in the least time to reduce these challenges etc.
 
Keywords: Challenges, International Oil Companies, Laws and Regulations, National Oil Company, Upstream Oil and Gas Contracts.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
References
1. Andrade, M., Hernandez, C. & Landivar, A., (2010-11). Transparency in Petroleum Contracts: A Comparative Study of Ecuador and Bolivia: What are the Strengths, the Weaknesses, the Opportunities and the Threats? TRACE Briefings 2010–2011.
2. Boykett, T. et al., (2012). Oil Contracts, How to Read and Understand Prtroleum Contracts, Austria: Times Up Press.
3. Chuan, P., Wong, W.P., Ramayah, T. & Jantan, M., (2010). Organizational context, supplier management practices and supplier performance: A case study of a multinational company in Malaysia. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 23(3), PP: 724-758.
4. Clayton, M.J., (1997). Delphi: A technique to harness expert opinion for critical decision-making tasks in education, Educational Psychology 17, PP: 273–287.
5. Hsu, C. & Sandford, B., (2007). The Delphi technique: Making sense of consensus. Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation, 12, PP. 1-8.
6. Opara, N.F., (2014). Meeting Environmental Challenges of Oil Production in Nigeria: A Case for Environmental Restoration Funds, Canada: University of Calgary.
7. Rosenblum, P. & Maples, S., (2009). Contracts Confidential: Ending Secret Deals in the Extractive Industries, New York: Revenue Watch Institute.
8. Salih, M.S. & Salih, R.S., (2015). Strategy of Oil Contract Negotiation, International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 6, No. 9, PP: 168-175.
9. Torbert, P.M., (2014). A Study of the Risks of Contract Ambiguity, China, Peking University, School of Transnational Law.
10. Weele, V. & Puil, V., (2014). International Contracting: Contract Management in Complex Construction Projects, UK: Imperial College Press.
11. Grimsey, D & Lewis, M.K (2004), Public Private Partnerships: The Worldwide Revolution in Infrastructure Provision and Project Finance, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
12. Vieyra, J. C. & et.al, (2014), Transparent Governance in an Age of Abundance: Experiences from the Extractive Industries in Latin America and the Caribbean, US: Inter American Development Bank Publications.
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

yaghubi E, fakhr M. An Analysis of Challenges of Oil and Gas Upstream Contracts in the Islamic Republic of Iran. qjal 2023; 10 (35) :235-262
URL: http://qjal.smtc.ac.ir/article-1-1195-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 10, Issue 35 (10-2023) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی حقوق اداری Administrative Law
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652